What is Permaculture?
Permaculture is a design system for creating sustainable human environments.
Permaculture integrates land, resources, people and the environment through mutually beneficial synergies – imitating the no waste, closed loop systems seen in diverse natural systems. Permaculture studies and applies holistic solutions that are applicable in rural and urban contexts at any scale to create ecologically sustainable and resilient human habitat.
Ethics are culturally evolved mechanisms that regulate self-interest, giving us a better understanding of good and bad outcomes. The greater the power of humans, the more critical ethics become for long-term cultural and biological survival. Permaculture ethics are distilled from research into community ethics, learning from cultures that have existed in relative balance with their environment for much longer than more recent civilizations. This does not mean that we should ignore the great teachings of modern times, but in the transition to a sustainable future, we need to consider values and concepts outside the current social norm. The three ethical principles of Permaculture:
Fair Share (Limiting consumption and return of surplus to the biosphere and people)
The philosophy behind permaculture is one of working with, rather than against, nature; of protracted and thoughtful observation rather than protracted and thoughtless action; of looking at systems in all their functions, rather than asking only one yield of them; and allowing systems to demonstrate their own evolution. Permaculture combines both the wisdom and practical, often intuitive knowledge and experience of traditional agriculture with scientific and technical knowledge, within the framework of an ecological philosophy that strives to create an ecologically sound and sustainable system.
Permaculture is the conscious design and maintenance of agriculturally productive ecosystems which have the diversity, stability, and resilience of natural ecosystems. It is the harmonious integration of landscape and people in a sustainable way. It is a system of assembling conceptual, material, and strategic components in a pattern which functions to benefit life in all its forms.